What is a Tech Stack & How To Choose the Right Tech Stack For Your Project?

With every new year, thousands of new apps are developed all over the world, amounting to millions of dollars, and with every new advancement, new tech stacks become in demand.

Are you interested in knowing more about tech stack meaning?

The term “tech stack” is a buzzword frequently used in technical contexts, although its exact meaning is not always evident. For example, when you enquire about someone’s stack, they might disclose the programming languages or development environments they employ.

What does it mean, then?
By reading our guide, learn what is popular tech stacks and how to choose one for your next project.

Key Takeaways

  • A technology stack is a set of software tools and frameworks used to build and run a web or mobile application.
  • A technology stack is typically made up of four layers: the operating system, server-side programming language, database, and client-side programming language.
  • Choosing the right technology stack depends on various factors such as project requirements, budget, team skills, and scalability needs.
  • Some popular technology stacks used in web development include LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP), MEAN (MongoDB, Express.js, Angular, Node.js), and MERN (MongoDB, Express.js, React, Node.js).
  • A technology stack can have a significant impact on the performance, scalability, and security of an application, so it’s crucial to choose wisely.
  • Technology stacks evolve over time, so it’s important to keep up with the latest tools and frameworks and be open to change.

What is a Tech Stack?

A tech stack (technology stack) is a pool of technologies that you can use in your project to build a website, a web app, or a mobile app. Sounds interesting, Right?
In simple words, a technology stack is a collection of technology services that you can utilize to design and build responsive single-page applications for your business goals.

One prime example that we can consider is Facebook’s tech stack. Facebook is an online platform that is built using leading technologies like JavaScript, HTML, CSS, PHP, and ReactJS.

Generally, there exist two specific elements with a development stack: Front-End and Back-End. We’re going to discuss this in detail in the upcoming section.

But before that let me make you go through the data for the most popular technologies being used globally.

Popular Tech Stack Being Used Globally

What are the Essential Components of Tech Stack?

In this article on what is a tech stack, we’ll now focus on understanding the concept of tech stack components and technology stack examples. There are two major components needed when creating a web-based application: front-end development and back-end development.

Essential Components of Tech Stack

The front end consists of everything that the customer will see when they interact with the application through their device, whether it be a desktop computer, tablet or mobile phone.

The back end consists of everything that happens behind the scenes to make the application work. The terms “front end” and “back end” may be interchanged with “client-side” and “server-side”.

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Let’s now take a look at the main components of a technology stack.

    1. Front-End Technology Stacks

      Front-end specifically deals with client-side technology and it is not having a connection with server-side terminologies. In simple words, we can say that the front end is what exactly users see when they open any website. Front-end development services focus on graphics, buttons, and how things behave when someone interacts with them.
      Frontend VS Backend Technology

      The front-end tech stack consists of three elements:

      1. HTML (Hypertext Markup Language):
        • It’s one of the standard markup languages used for creating web pages.
        • It is primarily used for structuring and placing content on your web apps.
        • You can imagine it as the framework that tells everything where to go.
      2. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
        • It’s the language that determines the style of your web page.
        • This technology specifically describes how HTML elements are to be displayed on the screen, on paper, or in other media.
        • It is solely responsible for handling colours, fonts, layout, etc. to beautify your web application as per your needs.
        • Think of this as the paintbrush that tells everything how to look.
      3. JavaScript
        • It is a scripting language that helps you to implement complex features on web pages
        • Enables interactivity and enhances the functionality of a website or app.
        • This technology is responsible for performing advanced functionalities like displaying timely content updates, interactive maps, animated 2D/3D graphics, scrolling video jukeboxes, etc.
        • This is the part that tells everything that you need to do.
    2. Back-End Tech Stack

      The back end is the server-side technology. It supports the inner workings of a website or app. In short, these are the behind-the-scenes pieces that make the visible portions look and act the way they do.

      Generally, the backend tech stack consists of four essential terminologies like programming languages, server-side frameworks and tools, databases, and a server.

      Programming languages like JavaScript, PHP, or Python. A programming language is the type of code a developer will use to develop your application. Programming languages take care of the important business logic that your applications need. Some top web application programming languages are JavaScript, TypeScript, Java, Python, Ruby, Scala, PHP, and C#.

      A framework like Ruby on Rails, Django, or Laravel. The framework is a set of components whose purpose is to simplify the development process. Frameworks provide a structure to the application and have common utilities so that you don’t have to write every piece of logic from scratch. Some popular web frameworks and tools are Express, Spring, Django, Laravel, Rails, and .NET.

      Diversity in top web frameworks and technologies

      Top Web Frameworks and Technologies

      Database like MySQL, PostgreSQL, or MongoDB. This is where your code lives. Databases are an integral part of a tech stack. Whether your application is simple or has many workflows, you need a place to store all your information. Some popular databases are MongoDB and MySQL.

      Modern data platforms like MongoDB further enhance the functionality of a database by providing intelligent querying, aggregation, and transformation features, in addition to data storage and retrieval.

      Diversity in top Databases

      Diversity In Databases

      A server like Apache, Nginx, or IIS. Your server is a computer program or a physical machine that stores, processes, and delivers (or serves) your coded content to users as a website or application. A web server takes in requests (Apache HTTP server) from the client (for example, browser), passes it on to the database for the requested information, and handles the response. Apache HTTPd and Nginx are commonly used robust web servers.

      User interface to use markups like HTML-CSS stylesheets, or popular frameworks and tools like Bootstrap or Tailwind, depending on the styling needs of the project.

      Runtime environment is the terminology by which an application is run. Runtime provides cross-platform compatibility. Java Runtime Environment (JRE), Node.js, and Common Language Runtime (CLR) are examples of runtime environments.

      There are many other components—like APIs, analytics tools, BI tools, cloud services, and microservices—that can enhance the functions of an application.

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What is a Tech Stack Used For?

The primary aim of creating popular tech stacks for your application is to

  • Maximize the application efficiency
  • Enhance the productivity of your application
  • Improve the performance and security of the application

Selecting the perfect tech stack for your application is an essential factor that you need to consider for your entire website or app development process. Moreover, the selection of the right tech and BI tools makes it easy for you to build faster and more responsive apps.

You can use the most popular tech stack.
You can use the latest and fanciest frameworks.
You can use the best design practices.

But after all, they won’t solve all your problems.

Because software development is a people process.

What is the Difference Between Web and Mobile App Tech Stack?

After having a look at the basic concept of what is a tech stack, let’s focus on understanding the difference between web and mobile application tech stacks.

  1. Mobile App Tech Stacks

    For developing a mobile application for your business, you need to take into account various user perspectives. In simple words, you need to make applications for different devices as day by day new devices are getting launched in the market.

    And if we talk about mobile app development, you need to be ready with various mobile apps platforms like Android and iOS.

    Let’s start by understanding the Android tech stack.

    Programming Language Android App Development Tools UI Framework
    Java is the only primary language that is specifically used for developing Android applications. This language is fully-supported and has great scalability. Android Studio is the official development platform for Google’s Android app. Android UI comes up with pre-built templates that are handy for developers to build user interfaces quickly
    Apart from Java, Kotlin is the most-preferred language for developing Android apps. The integral part is that it is considered to be the second official Android development language by Google. Built upon Jetbrain’s technology, it provides an intuitive interface for developers to build Android apps. Android UI make use of prebuilt Android UI components, like structured layout objects and UI controls, to build the graphical user interface for your applications.

    Now we’ll understand the tech stack for iOS apps.

    Programming Language iOS App Development Tools UI Framework
    Objective-C is the original language used to build the iOS app. Nevertheless, building an app with Objective-C isn’t easy, and developers are prone to make mistakes with it. Xcode – An official development tool by Apple, and it’s your easy-to-use platform whether you’re using Swift or Objective-C. It comes up with all the features needed to build the native iOS mobile application, including a visual interface builder. UIKit – UIKit is the basic framework for building graphical components in the iOS app. It contains templates defining the UI elements which form the building blocks of the app.
    Swift is a relatively newer language and developers are favouring it over Objective-C. With its safer syntax, fewer mistakes are committed and apps are developed in much less time. It’s also easier to find developers adept in Swift as it’s easier to learn and master. AppCode – Developed by a 3rd party, AppCode is an open-source alternative to XCode. While it enables iOS mobile application development, it lacks the features of XCode and to an extent, is still dependent on the latter. SwiftUI – SwiftUI is a newer framework that offers a more efficient way of designing UI elements in iOS apps. However, it only works for IOS13 and above, and there are limited resources as it was just launched in 2019.

    Apart from Android and iOS app development, there exists an option where you can write the same code for both technologies and that’s what is called cross-platform technologies.

    Let’s focus on the cross-platform tech stacks.

    • React Native (JS) – For designing and building cross-platform applications for your business needs, React Native is a one-stop solution for developers too. It is entirely based on JavaScript programming language and provides you with the basic building blocks that work efficiently on both platforms.
    • Flutter (Dart) – Flutter is one of the leading and most-used cross-platform development tools and is developed by Google. With its ‘hot reload’ feature, it helps you from getting rid of wasting time on emulators and simulators while its expressive widget promises native performance monitoring.
    • Xamarin (C#) – Developers proficient in C# programming language will find Xamarin a natural choice for building cross-platform apps. Codes written in C# are cross-compiled to native programs for both Android and iOS platforms.
  2. Web App Tech Stack

    Compared to the mobile application, desktop apps works differently. You don’t need to download a web app to your device to use it.

    Web app tech stacks use resources that are available in an internet browser. There are many internet browsers, and your popular tech stacks should work with all of them.

    However, it’s wise to test your websites and online applications on all the most popular browsers to make sure it works the way you expect.

Importance of Tech Stack for Your Project

The importance of the technology stack meaning is to help you build apps with fewer roadblocks and also bring convenience in predicting the time and budget required for your application needs.

You need to make the perfect decision of different tech stacks for your project needs as they directly impact the following (but are not limited to) parameters.

  • How your application runs now and how it will be affected in the future perspectives.
  • How you can efficiently maintain and scale your application to enhance your business performance.
  • You need to decide whether your business or application objectives are met or not
  • How you are going to store your application data, whether it may be local or cloud.

First, you need to consult developers or hire full-stack developers from the best custom software development company where you get assured of your business objectives and how you need to deal with them.

In addition, selecting the right open-source tools and services for your project needs will save you from many existing or upcoming development risks.

What are the Benefits of Using Tech Stacks?

Selecting the perfect tech stack for your application plays a major role in determining how it is going to be affecting your business perspectives. So, you need to understand how such different development stack are essential for your business needs after having a deep understanding of what is a tech stack definition.

  1. Easily Scale Your Application

    Selecting the right tech stack for your application typically makes it easy for you to design and build an application without worrying about the maximum number of people using your application.

    So, it becomes essential for you to select the framework and database that can efficiently scale well for your application. In simple words, we can say that your selected tech stack will definitely save you from horizontal and vertical scaling issues as and when there is an increase in your user base.

  2. Enhance the Development Speed

    A proper technology stack will also help speed up the development process because you have an option where you can easily hire full-stack developers or experts in individual technologies.

    Moreover, you can also choose a specific technology stack to capitalise on the expertise of your current team. It is also easier for developers to communicate about how the application works.

  3. Project Management Becomes Easier

    When you plan a technology stack ahead of time, you will already be aware of the resources, technology infrastructure, automation, hardware, and other project requirements, saving both money and time.

  4. Deciding on Stack Complexity

    Finally, because you know the goal and size of the project/web application you’re going to build, you can decide on the complexity of the technology stack and avoid using a set of technologies and operations that aren’t really necessary for your project, as well as bulky resources.

How to Choose a Tech Stack For Your Project?

There is no specific definition of the “right” technology stack. It ultimately depends on your basic business goals.But, there are a few primary factors you should consider while choosing/building your right development stack.

Tips to Choose the Best Tech Stack

  1. Define Your Application Purpose

    One of the foremost things to do before planning to start an application is to prepare yourself for your application purpose. It means that you have to ask the following questions in mind.

    • What do you want to make your web application perform?
    • How is your application going to perform the integrations with other systems?
    • What are your target audience and user expectations from your application?
    • How many web pages are you planning to include in your application?

    Depending on your project needs, such questions are not just limited to the above points.

    If you’re planning to build a single-page application for your business, you can opt for easy and lightweight technologies like Angular or React. Both of these are referred to as front-end frameworks, but still, there exists some difference between Angular Vs React.

    On the other hand, if you have an application with multiple functionalities, you must select sophisticated other tools and the best Javascript frameworks that usually follow different workflows and integration between various other systems.

  2. Design and User Experience

    Once you’ve finalised the purpose of your application, you need to move ahead with the designing phase trust me, it’s one of the essential factors that need to be considered.

    It plays a significant role in identifying and attracting more traffic to your application. You must select the robust open-source tools that typically serve the purpose of your user interface. And it’s one of the most effective ways to justify the design team’s expectations. If your website relies on content, go with server-side rendering-compatible technology infrastructure.

  3. Time to Production

    Your application should be launched as soon as you can. Consequently, make investments in technologies that provide services and answers for typical use cases and functions. Additionally, if technology has strong open-source software development community support, it can assist bring new features to market more quickly, especially if the project requires additional personnel. Finally, choose technologies that are simple for engineers to test and learn.

  4. Costing

    You can save money on deployment and maintenance by incorporating a cloud solutions stack (like MongoDB Atlas or AWS) into your IT stack. Select technologies that are easy to incorporate. 

    You will have to pay more for the developer’s compensation as well as the maintenance of the programme if you select more specialised or advanced technology. Choosing easy-to-learn technologies or ones that your team is already familiar with can save on development time and project costs overall.

  5. Scaling Your Application

    In practice, scalability is difficult to achieve. Most of the time, it isn’t easy to scale and optimise the database system or queries. However, modern NoSQL databases, such as MongoDB, provide a wide range of scaling options, making them an excellent choice for data-intensive applications.

    Similarly, a good framework design (such as the Model-View-Controller) aids in writing correct code, making future expansion easier.

  6. Security

    While no technology can guarantee complete security, always choose technologies that adhere to best practices to ensure maximum data storage and transaction security while minimising vulnerabilities.

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Primary Factors That You Need To Take Care of While Selecting Tech Stack

Because it is what you use to create open-source software applications, the tech stack is important. Therefore, when choosing the appropriate collection of tools, don’t undervalue the importance of study and analysis.

Making the wrong technology option can cost your project money, time, and other valuable resources. To prevent hazards while selecting your tech stack, you’ll need a solid business analyst and skilled engineers.

Here is a list of requirements to take into account while selecting a useful tech stack.

  1. Defining the Platform

    What goals does the initiative hope to achieve? This is a crucial reminder. Choosing a stack is only worthwhile if you know what you want the project to do for you.

    You should now ask yourself: Who is my target audience? How, when, and where will they use your open-source software? Which of them is the most popular active device? Is it a traditional PC or a cell phone?

    For instance, a web application needs a different set of tools and frameworks than a mobile application. Moreover, the tech stacks required for Android and iOS development differ even inside mobile applications.

    The optimal tech stack should then be planned based on your responses, including whether you require a single- or multi-platform solution. Remember this if you are creating an MVP first. It is preferable to make it on a well-known Analytics platform well-liked by your target audience to save software development expenses and quickly obtain user feedback.

    It makes no difference if it is an online or mobile application. The development process and the success of a project depend on the MVP. After designing the platform, consider all of the functional and non-functional requirements for the launch of the project.

    A set of clearly defined MVP requirements will identify the tools you need to accomplish your goal and any additional tech stack you might require for the market version.

  2. Defining the Project Type

    After you’ve defined the platform, you’ll need to conduct additional research before deciding on a tech stack. First, you will evaluate the project based on its size and complexity, processing strength, and business objectives.

    For example, if your application requires multiprocessing or low latency for better responsiveness, you must consider the relative tech stack that provides such support.

    • Small Projects

    They are typically delivered quickly due to simple requirements and can be implemented using less sophisticated technologies such as CMS or WordPress in the case of web projects.

    • Mid-Size Projects

    There is a higher level of technological commitment for mid-size projects. Depending on the requirements and platforms, they may require the use of a variety of programming languages and tools. Such projects necessitate the use of technologies with more sophisticated and diverse functionalities and integrations.

    • Complex Projects

    If you want to build a social network, online marketplace, CRM, or order management system, you’re in for a difficult task. The use of multiple programming languages is unavoidable in such cases. This is similar to a mid-sized project, but with more complex features. You require multiple functions, integrations, and increased sophistication, so your tech stack must be of the highest calibre.

  3. Scalability Requirements

    A tech stack’s role in an application’s scalability is to allow for an increase in users and functions. Therefore, your developers should select a tech stack that allows for new engaging features, user exponential growth, and seasonal increases in the number of users.

    Your scalability plan must include horizontal scaling (multiple application servers running simultaneously to handle user traffic) and vertical scaling (adding more programmes to process new data types). When stormy days arrive, scaling horizontally and vertically will keep your application servers from crashing.

  4. Technology and Team Expertise

    Unless you are looking to outsource web development, you should weigh the expertise of your team and use it as a basis to judge your choice of tech stack. Developers working with a leading software company typically have a stronger command of certain programming languages and tools than others, so it all comes down to how skilled your team is.

    You must be confident that your team can successfully implement a tech stack, or else there is no reason to use one. You can train them instead of hiring an expert to compensate for the lack of all the technology services on your team.

    That is, if you have the luxury of time; if you are under time constraints, simply outsource the project. As a result, it is critical to match your team’s skills and experience with the technology of choice. In this case, platforms like DesignRush can be extremely useful in locating the best agency.

    Also, make sure your chosen technology has a large developer community and reference documents available, such as on GitHub and Stackoverflow. This would prevent your team from becoming reliant on a single tool or all the technology services.

  5. Maintenance

    You must consider your team’s ability to maintain the application after it is released. This is the next lane after you’ve developed your app, and it’s also related to your tech stack selection.

  6. Codebase

    If you want feasible and ongoing maintenance, your choice of tech stack should be motivated by software architecture and existing codebase. Choose effective coding languages with short, reusable, and easy-to-maintain codes. Your codebase should be straightforward and of average length. It allows developers to spend a limited amount of time reviewing, debugging, and processing code.

  7. Software Architecture

    Software architecture is vital in enabling application scalability, portability, and reusability. Therefore, your software architecture should guide your choice of the technology stack.

    As a result, you should look into open-source technologies that support static and dynamic component configurations. It ensures that the application runs smoothly even as the number of users grows or new features are added.

  1. MEAN Tech Stack

    MEAN, which includes MongoDB (NoSQL database), the backend web framework Express.js, the front-end framework Angular JS, and the open-source, cross-platform server-side platform Node.js, is at the top of the list of the most popular web development stacks. The majority of complicated mobile apps and web-responsive applications employ this tech stack.

    Javascript is the single language in this technology stack and one of the most widely used programming languages; the code may be reused across the project without any issues. This technology stack is particularly well-liked because it enables programmers to produce an incredibly effective software solution stack in a short amount of time.

    What are the benefits of using the MEAN tech stack?

    • The technologies are widely used, open source, and cost nothing.
    • The database can readily withstand consumption spikes and can scale as needed.
    • Since they have their server, MEAN-created apps may be hosted in the cloud and are more adaptable and expandable solutions stack.
    • It contains several plugins and technologies that can significantly reduce the time and cost of developing web apps, websites, and APIs.
      MEAN-built applications can efficiently integrate with Apache HTTP server panels more quickly.
  2. MERN Tech Stack

    MERN has unquestionably earned a spot on the list of popular tech stacks that will be most in demand in 2023. It resembles MEAN in many ways.

    The main distinction between these two leading web development technology stacks is that MERN is made up of React rather than Angular JS. And it’s one of the most significant advantages because it offers a robust library source, can also be used for frontend tech stack and backend tech stack development projects and can be used on both web servers and browsers simultaneously.

    Additionally, all component work and updates can be implemented without difficulties because React employs JavaScript XML and Virtual DOM. It is a versatile tool that works well for user interfaces, and most of its features are performance- and cost-oriented, making it especially beneficial for smaller-scale projects.

    Why MERN is considered to be one of the most popular tech stacks?

    • You don’t need to start from scratch because of its open-source code, which can be regularly enhanced and altered by hiring developers from leading organizations worldwide.
    • The availability of comprehensive templates online, which can significantly speed up creation.
    • The abundance of available documentation makes it simpler to comprehend, utilise, and deploy, which can be very helpful for beginning developers.
  3. MEVN Stack

    One of the top web development technology stacks for 2023 is a variant of the MEAN stack called MEVN, in which Vue.js, a framework that combines some of the most significant features of Angular and React framework, basically takes the role of Angular.js as the front-end framework.

    Despite being less complex than what is Angular, this MEVN stack solution offers a wide range of additional tools depending on creative capabilities that can be enhanced with the help of outside cost-efficient services. For example, prototypes, interactive visuals, and animations can all be handled with Vue without any issues.

    Related Post: vue 3 vs vue 2

    What are the biggest advantages of adopting the MEVN tech stack?

    Using Javascript, one of the most well-liked website programming languages worldwide, at every stage of web development makes the entire development process more effective and straightforward.
    Because the MVC architecture organises the server component of the project, backend development is simpler to complete.
    The framework is ideal for online projects and is simple to learn and use.

  4. Ruby on Rail Stack

    In 2021, Ruby was one of the most widely used programming languages, and in 2023, it is still in high demand as a component of the Ruby on Rails (ROR) stack. Ruby on Rails is an open-source framework for developing web applications that can be used to develop a wide variety of front- and back-end apps. It offers a pre-built framework with all the components necessary to create any kind of online application.

    It also collaborates with JSON and XML for data transport and HTML, CSS, and JS to create interactive user interfaces. It is one of the most well-known Ruby libraries, perfect for projects with intricate business logic and a tight budget that require quick delivery of a web application.

    What are the benefits of the ROR tech stack?

    • The tool comes up with many reliable safety features built in.
    • Its availability for free and its effortless compatibility with the Linux operating system.
    • Other third-party libraries can be easily coupled with Ruby, which can be very helpful in developing functionality quickly.
    • Internal testing of the complete code without the aid of other software.
  5. Flutter

    Without adding Flutter, the top web technology stacks list for 2023 would be incomplete. This free user interface development tool is excellent for creating any kind of mobile applications because it can handle everything from a single codebase.

    ‍The Flutter engine, the Foundation Library, the Dart development language, and design widgets are all components of this stack. This ground-breaking framework offers a number of advantages, including the ability to add new features and correct faults without slowing down websites. It is also simple to use with IntelliJ, Visual Code Studio, or Android Studio.

    Flutter has improved upon some of the drawbacks of existing stacks like LAMP stack or MERN because it is a relatively young stack, which adds to its appeal.

    But because it’s so young, Flutter still only has a few Analytic tools and libraries, and it doesn’t support password managers. However, this tool will unquestionably enable you to develop high-end integrations and high-quality apps in less time.

  6. LAMP Tech Stack

    One of the most popular stacks for web development is LAMP stack, which has practically taken over the market. LAMP stack, which stands for Linux as the operating system, Apache as the web server, MySQL as the database management application, and PHP as the primary programming language, is open source and available for free. It is a superb tool in terms of performance, versatility, and maximize efficiency and can simply run on any operating system.

    One of the best things about this tech stack is how interchangeable the parts are. Instead of using the Linux operating system, you can use macOS (MAMP) or Microsoft Windows (WAMP), and you can replace PHP with Perl or Python.

    The stability, dynamism, dependability, and user-friendliness of LAMP are some of its main advantages. There are also numerous documents to assist hiring developers and enterprises in navigating and fully utilising its possibilities.

  7. Django Tech Stack

    Python, one of the top programming languages, the Django framework, the Apache web server, and MySQL for database administration make up Django’s top web development stack. This tech stack encourages rapid web development and has a clear, logical architecture. ‍

    It has several fantastic benefits for development, such as the ability to run independently on Linux, Mac, or Windows, many security layers to keep your enterprise-level projects entirely safe and hidden from prying eyes, and excellent documentation.

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What’s Your Next Step?

Even if money is not an issue, picking the appropriate technology services depends on the needs of the project and the team that will build it. This choice has the power to succeed or fail a project. To learn how other goods of a comparable nature to the one you intend to create were constructed, you need to conduct the study.

You can consult your business analysts, project managers, and developers to choose which coding frameworks and various technologies are ideal for the desired project. If your team is lacking, you may hire new web developers or train the current ones.

Albiorix Technology will be happy to offer you advice and support for your software projects. The best suitable tech stack and project management techniques that ensure successful project delivery will be recommended to you. Contact us right away to learn more about our software development services.

What is Web Application Development? A Detailed Guide For 2023

Nowadays, almost all businesses and enterprises are greatly interested in web development investment. The primary reason behind this is its vast scope for growth.

The future of web development is increasing rapidly as almost every business sector needs a robust website. It may be in any form, like taking its goods and services online, so web development definitely plays a vital role in this context.

Companies are searching for the best professionals with expertise in building websites to improve their global website presence. And it’s because an excellent team of web designers and developers effortlessly personifies their technical skills with creativity to craft captivating sites that would surely excite online users.

What is a Web Application?

A web application sometimes referred to as a web app, is nothing but a computer program that uses a web browser to deal with a particular function. A web application is a client-server program comprising client and server sides.

Do you know that there are about 1.5 billion active websites available globally and still counting?

The user enters data through the client-side (front-end), while the server-side (back-end) of the application stores and processes the information.

Some of the leading examples of typical web apps are

  • Shopping carts
  • Content management systems
  • Online forms
  • Google Docs

Both enterprise businesses and individuals usually develop web applications to fulfil different purposes. Web apps help integrate the tailored experience of native apps and hybrid apps with easy access on a website browser from any device.

For example, LinkedIn, Basecamp, MailChimp, and even Facebook, have web apps that provide immersive and tailored experiences like a native app directly from the browser.

Hence, web application development is gaining popularity in almost all industries, including banking, eCommerce, education, healthcare, and more.

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How Does a Web Application Work?

Web applications are typically accessed over a network and you do not need to download any specific software or tool. Instead, you have an option to access web applications through browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, or Safari.

Generally, a web application has three essential components:

  • Web Server
  • Application Server
  • Database

The web server manages requests from the client, the application server processes requests, and the database stores the information.

The working of a web application goes like this:

how does a web application work

Web apps or websites are generally coded with the help of JavaScript, HTML, or Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) for client-side programming (front-end). On the other hand, ASP.NET, PHP, Java, and Ruby are commonly used for server-side functionality.

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What is Web Application Development?

Web application development is nothing but the process to develop an application using client-side and server-side programming that is accessible over the web browser.

And, if we talk about the development process of the web application, then you need to understand the following flow of web application development:

  • The developer tries to find a solution to a specific problem.
  • Designing the web app by choosing the appropriate web development framework.
  • Next, the developer tests the solution.
  • Finally, deployment of the web application takes place.

What are the Different Types of Web Applications?

types of web applications

  1. Static Web Application

    There is no interaction between the user and the server is known as a static web application. It will simply display the content directly to the user’s browsers irrespective of fetching data from the server side.

    Static web apps are developed specifically using simple HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to display relevant content. To put it simply, GIFs, videos, and animations are the best examples of attracting and engaging visitors for robust web application development. Static web apps are pretty simple and easy to manage.

    A company website or a person’s portfolio website are examples of static web apps

  2. Dynamic Web Application

    An application that directly interacts with the client to generate real-time data based on the user’s request is referred to as a dynamic web application.

    The dynamic web application has multiple interactive elements and functions to enhance user engagement. However, compared to static web applications, web apps that are dynamic are more complex, especially on a technical level.

    You’ll come across different platforms that play an essential role in building web apps that are purely dynamic. Some of the common technologies are PHP, ASP.NET, and others.

    Facebook is the best example of a dynamic web application. It allows you to log in, communicate with friends, and use the application efficiently.

  3. eCommerce Web Application

    An application that takes the form of a store or shop typically promoting buying or selling products online is an eCommerce Web Application.

    Some of the core features of an eCommerce web application include:

    • Electronic payment integration
    • Transaction integration
    • Effective management panel for administrators where you can efficiently perform operations like listing/updating/deleting products and managing orders/payments
    • Personal cabinet for potential users

    In addition, eCommerce apps are typically centred around leading web technologies like electronic payment gateways, inventory management systems, mobile commerce, supply chain management, and the internet market.

    Best examples of eCommerce websites include Amazon, eBay, Walmart, Swiggy, Zomato, etc.

  4. CMS Web App

    With the help of content management system (CMS) software, you can quickly create, manage, and modify content on a website, portal, or any other digital platform. However, it does not require any specific technical knowledge of web programming languages or markup languages.

    CMS is the best option for creating personal blogs, corporate blogs, media sources, etc. Let’s highlight the most commonly used content management systems:

    • WordPress: is a well-known and trusted option among individuals and professionals for developing a website. Multiple plugins, themes, and online tutorials are available to build unique and responsive traditional websites irrespective of backup of any technical support.
    • Joomla: is an open-source CMS platform with an intuitive interface that plays a significant role in helping users create, manage, and modify content on a website and blogs.
    • Drupal: is a free CMS with an adaptable interface for designing and building online communities in the application. You can widely use this platform for making personal blogs, online news pages, media, corporate blogs, professional blogs, etc.
  5. Portal Web Application

    An application that only allows authenticated and authorized users to access the company’s data is known as a Portal web application.

    First of all, let’s understand what a portal is.

    Portals allow you to create a personal profile where you can easily add multiple details like chats, emails, comments, and forums with the aim of publishing content on the website. It is the best option for various businesses and enterprises.

    The members of the portal are only allowed to access data. So, once the users sign into the portal, the service provider tracks the user’s website activity.

    You’ll come across multiple types of web portals that are often associated with different industries.

    • Education portals
    • Student portals
    • Employee portals
    • Banking portals
    • Patient portals
  6. Single-Page Application

    A dynamic application that allows you to communicate within a browser without any obstruct directly is a Single-Page Application (SPA).

    As compared to standard web applications, requests and responses typically occur quickly. It is made possible by SPA, which executes business logic on the internet browser rather than the server.

    During the application deployment process, the SPAs are easy to debug and build the application. While browsing an email app, the headers and sidebars stay intact while accessing your inbox.

    Most social network sites, emails, and online video/audio players benefit swiftly from single web applications and agility. Gmail, Paypal, Netflix, Twitter, Google Maps, etc., implement single-page applications.

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  7. Multi-Page Application

    As the name suggests, Multi-page applications or MPAs include multiple pages for the application. It simply reloads the complete web page directly from the server whenever a user navigates to a different page.

    MPAs are specifically developed using different languages like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, AJAX, jQuery, etc. Moreover, such applications play an essential role in their scalability with no entire page limits and provide vast information about company products.

    Examples of MPA s include catalogues, web portals, business web applications, and online stores.

    Related Post: jQuery vs Angular
  8. Rich-Internet Web Applications

    An application with the same features and appearance as a desktop application is Rich Internet Application.

    Such applications primarily include multiple functionalities and are more engaging and faster than standard web-based applications. However, such apps depend on customer-side plugins due to browser limitations.

    These applications are built using tools like AJAX, Java, JavaFX, Adobe Flash, and Adobe Flex, the topmost tools used to make Rich Internet applications. The excellent part of this application is that you can use it offline.

    Rich internet web apps are visually appealing and provide a great user experience.

    Examples of rich-internet web applications are Google Docs, Youtube, and Google Maps.

  9. Progressive Web Apps

    A well-known type of web app that looks similar to mobile apps is Progressive Web App (PWA). It is also known as cross-platform web applications.

    It uses the latest browser Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) and progressive enhancement methods to offer a native mobile development experience. PWA’s primary goal is to enhance mobile applications and web applications’ speed and versatility in the face of slow internet connections or lacking internet access. So, you need a stable internet connection for better productivity.

    Some notable examples of progressive web applications are MakeMyTrip, Forbes, OLX, and Starbucks.

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Top Benefits of Web Application Development

benefits of web application development

Web application comes along with an array of benefits for businesses and users.

  1. Speed and Costs

    Compared to building a robust native application, the web application development process is faster and more economical. So, web application development for building native apps is the preferred choice for many businesses involved in accelerating time-to-market.

  2. Cross-Platform Capabilities

    The applications developed for web browsers can efficiently run on any operating system. The good part of typical web application development is that it supports cross-platform capabilities.

    Web applications can quickly adapt well to Android, iOS, Mac OS, Windows, and other mobile phones. In addition, the user’s device responsiveness to web applications helps eliminate OS dependencies.

  3. Browser Compatibility

    A web application will have its own accessible URL that allows you to run the app on the device’s browser.

    Nowadays, you’ll come across many modern web applications that are compatible with all browsers, such as Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Firefox, and Bing. Hence, software compatibility challenges are never roadblocks.

  4. Reduced Operating Costs

    The first question that generally hits on our mind is how much does it cost to build a website. The answer is that it entirely depends on your business requirements and the number of web app developers you want to hire for your needs.

    Web app development is an excellent choice for many business owners as it is solely responsible for reducing operating costs. Moreover, it eliminates unnecessary expenses such as hardware purchases, constant device updates, and maintenance of numerous systems.

  5. Customization

    Custom web application development typically comes up with various benefits that can easily be the best features for other users. In addition, such apps are accessible via browsers and help reduce unnecessary expenses and save time as only required features need to be developed.

    Moreover, it helps you improve business processes, transactions and brand awareness, communicate your brand ideology and help you gain a competitive edge in the chosen target market of the digital world.

  6. Easy to Update

    Updating the web application, it’s an easy and ongoing process as it involves only servers to upgrade your website services. There is no involvement in the usage of the front-end development to update.

  7. Expanded Security

    You can effectively deal with deploying and building web applications on dedicated servers, and also you can monitor and manage the server by only experienced server administrators.

    Similar to desktop applications, monitoring hundreds or thousands of client computers is made easy for you. Moreover, it ensures tighter security and identifies any potential breaches that could slip off.

  8. Zero Downloads

    You do not have to go to any app store, such as Apple App Store or Google Play Store, to download web applications. Eventually, it helps save money since having a direct link through a web app is free.

    Tech Stack For Web Application Development

    Tech Stack For Web Application Development

    1. Client-Side Programming

      • AngularJS:A popular front-end framework by Google, Angular JS is suitable for building dynamic web apps and mobile apps, using HTML for static web pages. Many leading AngularJS development company typically uses this technology to create robust and secure web applications for your business needs.
      • ReactJS:This is a robust and widely used JS and web application framework for developing large-scale and complex dynamic web apps and mobile apps.
      • Vue JS: Fairly new, this JS framework does wonders for applications. Vue JS provides an ecosystem of assisting libraries and an affordable primary library for applying huge complex web page apps.
      • Node JS: It is a cross-platform, open-source JS runtime that runs on the V8 engine and is designed to build scalable network applications.
    2. Server-Side Programming

      • PHP: A popular general-purpose scripting language that helps you build dynamic and interactive websites for your business needs. Moreover, it is a robust tool that is fast, flexible, and pragmatic, designed explicitly for web app development.
      • Java: Leveraged especially for Android app development, desktop app, and web app development. It is a multi-purpose programming language that typically offers excellent security and stability to your web project.
      • Ruby on Rails: An open-source, general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that plays an essential role to build highly secure and fast web applications.
      • Django & Python: Python is flexible, advanced, and has a low learning curve. This programming language covers back-end web app development. Python, along with its framework Django, can meet backend development tasks efficiently.
    3. Database Technology

      MySQL is one of the most preferred databases used by multiple developers globally for web application development.

      Apart from MySQL, other well-known database technologies like Oracle Database, PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Access, MongoDB, and RavenDB are currently hitting the market.

    Concept of Web Application Development Process

    web application development process

    Suppose you plan to design and build web applications for your business needs. In that case, whether it may be in-house or outsourced to a company like Albiorix, it’s important to understand the web application development functionality involved in detail.

    Website development becomes easy once you have a basic understanding of the web development flow. Let’s explore the steps of the web app development process, and remember that steps may vary depending on your business needs.

    1. Step 1: Defining The Problem

      First, you need to be ready with all your project requirements. Such requirements should meet the basic needs of your web application and acquire all the essential information for your business needs.

      A common problem will opt for a good head-start to the project, and it becomes a boon to help you identify the best solution for your needs. Moving further, you must clarify the website’s purpose and end goals.

      The web developers need to answer the below questions for the planning phase of the web application functionality.

      • What is the basic need of the app you want to build?
      • Have you identified the features and functions that should be integrated into your web application?
      • Who will be the target audience of your product?
    2. Step 2: Creating a WireFrame

      The next step is developing a robust wireframe, or we can say a detailed prototype, that helps you to communicate the solution to specific target users.

      So, the developers need to start by preparing the blueprint of design elements of the web apps, especially to target a specific audience. Such wireframe plays a vital role in getting a mesmerizing user experience to the web application.

      The wireframe is then made available to intended users, taken their feedback into consideration, and finally iterated until they’re satisfied. Once you’ve finalized the design process, the next step is to build the application.

      The subsequent steps will happen in this essential phase.

      • The developers have to identify the details of data and data types required for the application to create a database for storage.
      • The developers create the front-end applications, typically based on the parameters approved by the users interact during the wireframing process. It becomes essential for the developers to determine the framework for front-end development.
      • The web app developers create user interaction with the server.
      • Developers, especially during web app development, either code from scratch or use web application frameworks like front-end and back-end development frameworks to make responsive websites. Such web application frameworks plays a vital role to design and build web solutions for your business needs.
      • Based on the application type, that is, client-side/ server-side/ single-page, programming is done.
    3. Step 3: Testing an Application

      One of the primary steps of the web application development process is testing an application. Moreover, it’s an essential step of the software development lifecycle and is considered an inevitable part of the software development functionality.

      The testing of the web application is generally performed for usability, compatibility, functionality, security, and, most importantly, app performance by the testing (QA) crew.

      The primary role of the QA (Quality Assurance) squad is to eliminate bugs and ensure that the application works without any glitches.

      The Testing process determines any possible improvements and upgrades to make in the future to make the application more responsive. Once you’re done with the testing process, the final implementation of the web application starts.

      At Albiorix, we help you perform all the mandatory software and usability testing to ensure that your web app functions seamlessly. We also provide training and support to use the apps effectively.

    4. Step 4: Web Application Hosting

      You must buy a domain and choose a hosting provider to create a server location for the app. We help you choose shared hosting, dedicated hosting, or cloud hosting based on your requirements. Be it a simple website or a complex web application, every digital product needs routine checks and enhancements.

      Maintenance of the application or website includes:

      • Ongoing QA testing
      • Bug fixes and improvements
      • Addressing changes and adding features based on user feedback
      • Providing regular updates and technical support

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    Develop Web Application With Albiorix

    Hope you got a clear vision of the in-depth guide about web application development.

    To summarize, Web application development is an essential aspect for any organization to lead the digital space and reach out to more customers in the future.

    Albiorix is a custom software development company that comprises multiple development services ranging from software customization to building Web, Mobile, Enterprise, and Cloud applications across various industries.